We want to ensure that anyone involved in rugby -  players, coaches, refs and family - know what to look out for and what to do when they suspect a player has sustained a concussion.

We all have a role to play in recognizing, removing and helping to manage concussions.

Learn More about Concussions

The following is an online course that will teach you about the 4's of Concussion: 

  • Recognise
  • Remove
  • Recover
  • Return

Pick your course using the links (or buttons) below.

What is a concussion?

A concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) that can result from a direct hit to the head or from a blow to the body. You don’t have to be knocked out or even be hit on the head directly to be concussed.

These hits cause the head to move rapidly or stop suddenly which makes the brain to bounce around and twist in the skull. This damages and stretches the brain cells which causes them to release chemicals which affects how the brain works. This also makes the brain more sensitive to increased injury, until it fully recovers.

What you should do

No one can ignore a concussion! Players who are concussed are often unaware of their symptoms and may want to keep playing! We all need to take responsibility for the player’s well-being.

To help us better identify and manage concussion we have broken it down to the 4 R’s of Concussion

  1. Recognise - the symptoms of a concussion.
  2. Remove - the player from the field.
  3. Recover – see a doctor and complete the Graduated return to play program.
  4. Return – After 21 or 23 days standdown and medical clearance, the player can return to contact training.
In this section
Signs and symptoms

Signs and symptoms to look out for when you suspect a player has been concussed. 

Recover and Return

Find out about rugby's Graduated Return to Play protocol and how to get back to the game safely.

Blue Card

The Blue Card is a tool for referees to use to remove players from the game when a concussion is suspected.